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CEFR Language Levels


An Overview of the CEFR Language Levels

Lingomaster is now providing details about the CEFR language levels of the European Union: 

Basis User / Language Level A1, Breakthrough or Beginner:

  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
  • Can introduce themselves and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people they know and things they have.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Basis User / Language Level A2, Waystage or Elementary:

  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of their background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Independent User / Language Level B1, Threshold or Intermediate:

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Independent User / Language Level B2, Vantage or Upper Intermediate:

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialisation.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Proficiant User / Language Level C1, Effective Operational Proficiency or Advanced:

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer clauses, and recognise implicit meaning.
  • Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Proficient User / Language Level C2, Mastery or Proficiency:

  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express themselves spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.

Source: Council of Europe 2001, www.erk.nl

Other links and sources:

1. Wikipedia, Common European Framework (CEF/CEFR)

2. Wikipedia, Gemeenschappelijk Europees Referentiekader (ERK)

3. Wikipedia, Gemeinsamer Europäischer Referenzrahmen (GER)